Immunization Basics

Immunization Basics

One of the decisions parents are confronted when having a newborn child is whether to have their baby immunized The question of whether to or not, of when and how often are frequently asked as soon as the baby gets home Parents reckon that with the pollution and what have you in the air and surroundings, their babies may be exposed to virus and bacteria triggering sickness There is no doubt babies need some assistance in keeping themselves healthy as their immune system is relatively weak and unable to combat harmful elements

It is true that mothers have likely transferred some of their antibodies into their child through breastfeeding but this protection wears off after a few months Your child is rendered exposed after then thus the need for new kind of protection which immunization covers Baby’s immune system are deemed underdeveloped and unable to create its own antibodies to the the many types of virus and bacteria right away so a vaccine will be a great help

Vaccines are usually made up either of very small dose of a live but weak virus, of a dead bacteria or virus or a dose of modified toxin produced by a bacteria By introducing such to the body, the baby's immune system develops antibodies to deal with the virus or bacteria and therefore will know how to respond when the body is exposed again with that kind of virus This means your child will be less likely to get the disease Do not worry about your baby's immune system being overwhelmed, as it is equipped to deal with such changes Vaccines actually help strengthen the immunity of your child Immunizing your child also helps the community as it reduces the rate of infection being spread from one person to another Smallpox and polio was defeated this way

Depending on the type, vaccines give protection after one dose and while others need to be done several times to guarantee that the protection lasts longer And their effectivity may be for a lifetime or for a good period only Flu shots for instance is given every year as the influenza virus mutates frequently

Immunization do have some common side effects including soreness, fever and inflammation on the area of the shot Talk to your doctor for the possible risks prior to consenting for an injection

There is a standard immunization schedule for common diseases for children starting at birth up to 12 years Dtap which combats diptheria, tetanus and whooping cough is scheduled at 2,4, 6, 15 and 18 months Then again at 4 years of age and a booster shot at age 11

A shot of Hepatitis A, which affects the liver is given at 12 and at 24 months Hepatitis B vaccine is given at birth, at 2 months, then at 6 months Hib which protects your baby from Haemophilus influenza type B and Pneumococcal, which often causes meningitis and pneumonia are also given starting at 2 months, then at the 4, 6 and 12 months

MMR shots to avoid measles, mumps and rubella are endorsed at 12 and 15 months, then at age 4  Polio shots are administered at 2, 4 and 6 months of age and again when the child reaches her 4th birthday Rotavirus which causes severe diarrhea and dehydration is given orally at 2, 4 and 6 months And lastly Varicella which fights against chicken pox is given to children of 12 months and when they reach the age of 4

There are also other vaccines that are highly recommended including influenza shots to protect against seasonal flu and the H1N1 vaccine against the swine flu Girls aged 11 years are also advised to get the HPV shot which protects them from cervical cancer causing viruses

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